International Society of Biomechanics
Gold sponsor


nbd2017 header

7,000+ High School Students Celebrated Biomechanics on NBD 2017
(and there are a few more NBD events still to come)

Hello Fellow ISB Members,

Please commence Jumping For Joy! We enlightened this vast amount of high school students in our synchronized, around-the-world celebration of Biomechanics. National Biomechanics Day was a resounding success for the second consecutive year while remaining a giant fun-fest of Biomechanics, science, STEM, and STEAM as everyone reported smiles, thrills, and awe among all participants. You can see the celebration throughout social media and also through a few slides HERE. We happily extend our mantra from last year: NBD 2017 was the single greatest day in biomechanics: there were more smiles on more faces in more biomechanics labs than ever before. Let’s all thank each other for contributing so successfully to our mission which is to bring Biomechanics into high school curricula around the world and thereby increase the impact of Biomechanics on society. Along this line we propose that Biomechanics will be the breakthrough science of the 21st century… and we mean it in a Big Way. I have written about this opportunity on Facebook and included at the end of this letter.

Please spend a few moments viewing, liking, forwarding, and retweeting The Global Phenomenon that is (Inter)National Biomechanics Day (yes, next year we’ll figure out our new name):

Instagram NBD     Twitter NBD     Facebook NBD     NBD Website

NBD was initiated in 2016 and it was energetically enacted by members of the American Society of Biomechanics. It also excited many biomechanists around the world and led to our around-the-globe expansion this year. We received support from many international organizations and commercial enterprises including the International and Brazilian Societies of Biomechanics, the Osteoarthritis Research Society International, AMTI, IMeasureU, and Nike, to name a few. But how can we succeed and even improve our event in 2018 and future years? The answer is:

We demonstrated our viability with 2,000+ high school students in 2016 and we fully established NBD with 7,000+ students this year. It is now time for ALL BIOMECHANISTS TO JOIN THE MOVEMENT. We can have 20,000, 30,000, even more high schoolers learning and enjoying Biomechanics in 2018. We will inspire even ourselves with this level of success and it will truly change the world from the simple level of more undergraduates anticipating and enjoying their Biomechanics courses to the beneficial level of more people doing Biomechanics for their careers, to the exciting level of Biomechanics developing along lines not even envisioned today to the supreme level of Biomechanics having true meaning and importance to human society. People will consider, as truly typical and necessary the biomechanical perspective to address and improve the human condition. Biomechanics will no longer be that, “…you know…cool sounding…but…wait, what is it?” science but an irresistible part of life. We can achieve this success; Biomechanics can become the breakthrough science of the 21st century IF WE ALL UNIFORMLY AND IRRESISTIBLY PARTICIPATE in 2018. NBD 2018 can be stunningly superb and awesome if the entire world participates. If you have not yet participated, you will be surprised at how our synchronized events are more than lab demonstrations. They are as I wrote above, a movement.

I respectfully ask all biomechanists to participate in International-National Biomechanics Day 2018 (whatever we call it). Please and Really. The outcome would be incredible and important. You and we will change the world. Please support NBD.

Please, give it a shot. Take a chance. Join the fun and let’s see where we can go. Do not resist. Do not decline. Do not do not. Only do. And who are we talking to? You.

talking to you

NBD can also change the face and nature of science. NBD 2017 was greatly inclusive with over 50% female students and nearly 50% non-Caucasian participants. Everyone is invited to the party.

Also, Derek Pamukoff and group identified the most appropriate NBD Eve dinner: Torque Pot Pie. Yum!

Thank you so much and we will begin NBD 2018 shortly,

nbd2017 paul de vita

Paul DeVita, Ph.D.

Past-President, American Society of Biomechanics

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Click the icons to view our sponsors’ websites:

nsrl novel xsens motionanalysis ler job isb asmi imeasureu aka acsm motus anzors oarsi sbb noraxon amti mm simi bertec asb

In the, “This Just In,” news category, Justus Ortega from Humboldt State University just now emailed his NBD numbers and demographics to me: 55 students with 18 males, 37 females. Other NBDs have not yet reported and a few will occur in May. Make that 7,000++ high schoolers!

His summary, “It was awesome… and it is inspiring.” Thanks, Justus.

Let’s ask this group of 300 Brazilian students to, “raise your hand if you like NBD,”

nbd 2017 handshandsOk, that settles it.


nbd2017 jumpingJumping For NBD Joy

From the NBD Facebook pageFrom the NBD Facebook page

Hello and Welcome to the ISB student section!

The student section is devoted to providing students with information and resources that may be helpful during your studies. As a student member of the ISB you are able to apply for ISB funded grants and awards, participate in mentor opportunities, become a member of the ISB student members Facebook group and have access to the online forms and discussions available on this page. The Student Welcome Letter outlines the different resources provided by the ISB for its student members (click here). Below are links to some of the resources available to ISB members that may help you with your studies.

Links within the ISB website:


  • BIOMCH-L - The forum for all biomechanics (Jobs, Conferences, Technical Discussions...)


If you have any contributions or suggestions for future sections, please contact:


Melissa Boswell

Student Representative

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The ISB supports Technical and Working groups for the purpose of advancing knowledge in specialized areas within the field of biomechanics. Following are the current groups:

Technical groups

Working groups

Forming and Running Technical Groups

Forming and running Technical and Working groups is not limited to those above and the ISB encourages the development and running of these groups by support and sponsorship in various forms, such as sponsoring keynote speakers at scientific meetings, hosting the website etc. To ensure the sustainability of the Technical and Working groups the ISB has a formal constitution for forming and running of these Groups, which are extracted from section 9 of the ISB constitution and listed below.

  1. Technical groups of the Society shall be created from time to time for the purpose of advancing knowledge in a specialized area, or on a specific topic within the field of Biomechanics.
  2. Members of the Society who have worked together informally to advance knowledge in a specialized area, or on a specific topic, for a period of at least four years (during which they may be referred to as a Working Group) may submit an application to the Executive Council for their group to be designated as a Technical Group of the Society.
  3. Applications for designation as a Technical Group of the Society shall be decided on a majority vote of those members of the Executive Council present at the meeting for which the formation of the group has been proposed as part of the circulated agenda.
  4. The activities of Technical Groups shall be administered by an Executive Board. The structure of this Board, how officers are elected, and how the Executive Board operates, will be defined in the Codes of Operation for each Technical Group which will be endorsed by the Executive Council.
  5. The Board for each Technical Group shall meet at least once every two years.
  6. Technical groups shall plan and conduct professional meetings, provided that prior approval for such meetings is obtained from a committee consisting of the President- Elect, President (Chairperson) and Past-President of the Society (hereafter referred to as the Committee of Presidents).
  7. Technical groups shall enter into agreements with other organizations only after obtaining approval of the Committee of Presidents.
  8. The Chairperson of each Technical Group, or a person designated by him or her, shall present, in person, a written report of the activities of the Technical Group to the Executive Council of the Society, at the time of each Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics.
  9. Technical Groups may be disbanded by the Executive Council of the Society when, through failure to meet the obligations of any of the clauses of this Article, or for other reasons, they cease to serve the best interests of the Society.

In addition these its desirable that the ISB Technical and Working Groups run their scientific meetings at least every six years in conjunction with the ISB Congress. Also these Groups should acknowledge the sponsorship of the ISB on their web sites and at their scientific meetings.

Join the ISB / Renew your Membership

ISB membership is annual, renewable in January of each year. If you join or renew your membership at any time during the year, you will become a member for that year and you will receive all journal issues, including back issues, for the current volume. Renewal advice is sent to Members each December, at which time the fees for the following year are posted.

Membership dues and journal subscription fees can now be paid by secure online credit card transaction.

To join

To renew

Arrears. Renewing members are required you to be financially up to date with the previous two years' membership. In this case select arrear years' membership to complete your record.


Membership benefits include:

Eligibility for:

Access to online materials:

Inclusion in the ISB social network:

  • ISB Facebook
  • ISB Student Facebook
  • ISB LinkedIn
  • ISB Twitter
  • ISB YouTube


Type of Members:

  • Full Members, receives full benefits of membership.
  • Student Members, must be a full time student in an academic program related to Biomechanics.
  • Emeritus Member, must be retired, due to age or illness, from professional employment in Biomechanics, and to have been an active member of the Society for at least ten years.
  • Honorary Members, shall be a restricted number of individuals who have made outstanding contributions to the International Society of Biomechanics and to the field of biomechanics.

EDC Membership

  • EDC Membership eligibility is limited to people whose main affiliation is with an institution in the low or medium HDI categories from this table hdi_table_2015.xlsx.

Online payments:

  • All amounts are in Australian dollars (AUD).
  • If you have a query, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Once logged in, you will also be able to:

  • Edit your profile and preferences
  • View past purchases
  • Edit your login username and password

Click on the link below to open a PDF document of the Operating Codes for ISB:

FileDescriptionFile size
Download this file (ISB operating codes, 1st revision, 2 August 2016.pdf)ISB operating codes 2016 283 kB

The ISB is very pleased to have company sponsors with products that have applications in various areas of biomechanics. The ISB provides the sponsors with unique opportunities of getting in touch with numerous specialists, coming from all over the world. The ISB are thankful and proud of our sponsors.

Gold sponsors


Silver sponsors


Bronze sponsors


Every two years at the ISB Congress, the Society recognizes scientific achievement and honours those who have made outstanding contributions to the field of Biomechanics by presenting honours and awards.The awards and honours and their inks are listed below. The rules for each award and honour are different (e.g. Muybridge candidates are selected by a panel, Young Investigator candidates by nomination) so for further information please contact the Awards Officer, Prof Catherine Disselhorst-Klug, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstrasse 20, D-52074, Aachen, Germany, Phone: +49 241 808 7011, Fax: +49 241 808 2442, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


Honorary Members

ISB Fellows 


Muybridge Award

Wartenweiler Memorial Lecture 

David Winter Young Investigator Award

Clinical Biomechanics Award

Promising Scientist Award

Carlo de Luca Emerging Scientist Award

The primary purpose of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) is to promote and stimulate the development of biomechanics at the international level. ISB recognizes that numerous national and regional societies of biomechanics or related topics have emerged in various parts of the world. In some countries several biomechanics societies exist which represent sub disciplinary interests. Future enhancement of the quality and scope of biomechanics research depends upon mutual co-operation and support of all of these groups. For these reasons, ISB has an Affiliate Society Membership code, explained more fully in the ISB's code of practice for affiliate societies.


A/Prof Thor Besier

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Hae-Dong Lee, PhD

Chair & Professor, Department of Physical Education

Department of Physical Education

Yonsei University

50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu

Seoul, 120-749, South Korea

Tel: +82 2 2123 6188

Fax: +82 2 2123 8648

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Robert Herbert, PhD

Professor, Musculoskeletal Division

NHMRC Senior Research Fellow

The George Institute for Global Health

Level 7, 341 George St., Sydney NSW 2000, Australia

Tel: +61 2 9657 0379

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Thomas S. Buchanan, PhD

Director, Delaware Rehabilitation Institute

Laird Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Professor of Biomechanics & Movement Science

126 Spencer Laboratory

University of Delaware

Newark, DE 19716, USA

Tel: +1 302 831 2410

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Taija Finni, Ph.D.

Professor of Kinesiology

Neuromuscular Research Center

Department of Biology of Physical Activity

University of Jyväskylä

PO Box 35 (VIV 227)

FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä


Tel: +358 14 260 2051

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Antonia Zaferiou (Student Representative)

University of Southern California

Department of Kinesiology

3560 Watt Way, PED 107

University of Southern California

Los Angeles, CA 90089-0652, USA

Tel: +1 213 740 7903

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Recommended Reads

Kindly contributed by the

International Society of Biomechanics Fellows


Professor Maarten Bobbert

The following commentary addresses a problem that is pervading the field of human movement science and (clinical) biomechanics:

Chaos in the Brickyard (Forscher, 1963)

Two classic papers by Herbert Hatze, whom I consider to be the founding father of modern simulation and optimization studies with musculoskeletal models.  Herbert Hatze was way ahead of his time.

Myocybernetic control model of skeletal-muscle (Hatze, 1977)

A comprehensive model for human motion simulation and its application to the take-off phase of the long jump (Hatze, 1981)

A paper by Gerrit Jan van Ingen Schenau and Peter Cavanagh, clearly presenting a sound way to calculate power and work in human motion.

Power equations in endurance sports (van Ingen Schenau and Cavanagh, 1990)


Professor Ton van den Bogert

I once told my students that the most important paper in biomechanics is about a jumping lamp.  This 1988 paper was an important proof of concept for trajectory optimization to predict human motion from models:

Spacetime Constraints (Witkin and Kass, 1988)

Winter's mechanical energy paper (1983) is still a very relevant trusted source of information.  This is the inspiration for modern prosthetic devices.  Winter showed that the knee mostly absorbs energy, so can be replaced by a controlled damper, and the ankle must generate a lot of energy so that is where a motor can be helpful. 

Energy generation and absorption at the ankle and knee during fast, natural and slow cadences (Winter, 1983)

Grood and Suntay's introduction of the Joint Coordinate System.  Thanks to this work, we have a standard way to describe three-dimensional joint rotations.

A joint coordinate system for the clinical description of three-dimensional motions: application to the knee (Grood and Suntay, 1983)

He, Levine and Loeb's 1991 paper on optimal feedback control of a cat hind limb is still an inspiring and unique connection between musculoskeletal dynamics and classical control theory.

Feedback gains for correcting small perturbations to standing posture (He, Levine and Loeb, 1991)


Professor Walter Herzog

In muscle mechanics, the classic manuscripts are a given: 

The sliding filament theory:

Structural changes in muscle during contraction (Huxley and Niedergerke, 1954)

The cross-bridge theory:

Muscle structure and theories of contraction (Butler and Katz, 1957), A. F. Huxley Chpt 6, pg 257-318

Proposed mechanism of force generation in striated muscle (Huxley and Simmons, 1971)

The force length property of muscle:

The variation in isometric tension with sarcomere length in vertebrate muscle fibres (Gordon, Huxley and Julian, 1966)

The force-velocity relationship:

The heat of shortening and the dynamic constants of muscle (Hill, 1938)


Professor Jill McNitt-Gray

Kinetics of Human Motion (Zatsiorsky, 2002)

Kinematics of Human Motion (Zatsiorsky, 1998)

Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle (Zatsiorsky and Prilutsky, 2012)

Biomechanics of sport: a research approach (Miller and Nelson, 1973)

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement, 4th Edition (Winter, 2009)


Professor Peter Milburn

Human mechanics: four monographs abridged (Goff, 1963)

This contains abridged versions of four of the 'classic papers' of early biomechanics:

  1. Braune, C. W., & Fischer, O. (1889). *Über den Schwerpunkt des menschlichen Körpers: mit Rücksicht auf die Ausrüstung des deutschen Infanteristen*. S. Hirzel. (About the center of gravity of the human body: with regard to the equipment of the German infantryman)
  2. Fischer, O. (1906). Theoretical fundamentals for a mechanics of living bodies with special applications to man as well as to some processes of motion in machines. *BG Teubner, Berlin.*
  3. Amar, J., Butterworth, E. M., & Wright, G. E. (1920). *The Human Motor, Or,The Scientific Foundations of Labour and Industry: With 309 Illustrations and Numerous Tables*. G. Routledge & sons, Limited.
  4. Dempster, Wilfrid Taylor. "Space requirements of the seated operator: geometrical, kinematic, and mechanical aspects of the body, with special reference to the limbs." (1955).

More 'modern day' classics might include:

Direct linear transformation method for three-dimensional cinematography (Shapiro, 1978)

This was the first paper published on the direct linear transformation (DLT) method, the basis of 3D motion capture.  It takes the technique back to 'first principles' so students understand the theory behind the systems currently available. 

Mechanical stability of the in vivo lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain (Cholewicki and McGill, 1996)

This presents a method to quantify the mechanical stability of the lumbar spine in vivo during various 3D dynamic tasks.


Professor Darren Stefanyshyn

The following are a series of papers showing early human locomotion inverse dynamics calculations with tremendous insight:

Forces and energy changes in the leg during walking (Elftman, 1939a)

The functions of muscles in locomotion (Elftman, 1939b)

The work done by muscles in running (Elftman, 1940)

A short but though provoking look at the role of elastic energy storage in running, jumping and flying:

Storage of elastic strain energy in muscle and other tissues (Alexander, 1977)

An early review paper on gait energetics from a pioneer in the field:

Calculation and interpretation of mechanical energy of movement (Winter, 1976)


Professor Ronald Zernicke

This paper highlights some of the diverse areas in which "biomechanics impacts society" and the research of five internationally famous biomechanists as the role models. This has proven useful to expose students at the University of Michigan to the breadth and impact of biomechanics, particularly in areas that not everyone associates with "traditional" biomechanics. It may also be useful for other students, around the world, to learn of the diversity of biomechanics.

Impact of biomechanics research on society (Zernicke et al., 2012)


Complete List

Alexander, R. M. (1977) ‘Storage of Elastic Strain Energy in Muscles and Other Tissues’, Nature, 265, pp. 114–117. doi: 10.1038/265114a0

Butler, J. A. V. and Katz, B. (1957) Progress in biophysics and biophysical chemistry. UK: Pergamon Press, Ltd.

Cholewicki, J. and McGill, S. (1996) ‘Mechanical stability of the in viva lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain’, Clinical Biomechanics, 11(1), pp. 1–15. doi: 10.1016/0268-0033(95)00035-6

Elftman, H. (1939a) ‘Forces and energy changes in the leg during walking’, American Journal of Physiology--Legacy Content, 125(2), pp. 339–356.

Elftman, H. (1939b) ‘The function of muscles in locomotion’, American Journal of Physiology--Legacy Content, 125(357–366), pp. 122–123.

Elftman, H. (1940) ‘The work done by muscles in running’, American Journal of Physiology--Legacy Content, 129(3), pp. 672–684.

Forscher, B. K. (1963) ‘Chaos in the Brickyard’, Science, 142(3590), p. 339. doi: 10.1126/science.142.3590.339

Goff, C. W. (1963) ‘Human mechanics. Four monographs abridged.’ Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 22(4).

Gordon, A. M., Huxley, A. F. and Julian, F. J. (1966) ‘The variation in isometric tension with sarcomere length in vertebrate muscle fibres.’, The Journal of Physiology, 184(1), pp. 170–192. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.1966.sp007909

Grood, E. S. and Suntay, W. J. (1983) ‘A joint coordinate system for the clinical description of three-dimensional motions: application to the knee’, J Biomech Eng, 105(2), pp. 136–144. doi: 10.1115/1.3138397

Hatze, H. (1977) ‘A myocybernetic control model of skeletal muscle’, Biological Cybernetics, 25(2), pp. 103–119. doi:10.1007/BF00337268

Hatze, H. (1981) ‘A comprehensive model for human motion simulation and its application to the take-off phase of the long jump’, Journal of Biomechanics, 14(3), pp. 135–142. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(81)90019-1       

He, J., Levine, W. S. and Loeb, G. E. (1991) ‘Feedback gains for corecting small pertubation to standing posture’, IEEE trans auto con, 36(3), pp. 322–332. doi: 10.1109/9.73565

Hill, A. V. (1938) ‘The Heat of Shortening and the Dynamic Constants of Muscle’, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 126(843), pp. 136–195. doi: 10.1098/rspb.1938.0050

Huxley, A. F. and Niedergerke, R. (1954) ‘Structural changes in muscle during contraction; interference microscopy of living muscle fibres’, Nature, 173(4412), pp. 971–973. doi: 10.1038/173971a0

Huxley, A. F. and Simmons, R. M. (1971) ‘Proposed mechanism of force generation in striated muscle.’, Nature, 233, pp. 533–538. doi: 10.1038/233533a0

van Ingen Schenau, G. J. and Cavanagh, P. R. (1990) ‘Power equations in endurance sports’, Journal of Biomechanics, 23(9), pp. 865–881. doi: 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90352-4

Miller, D. I. and Nelson, R. C. (1973) Biomechanics of Sport. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.

Shapiro, R. (1978) ‘Direct linear transformation method for 3D cinematography’, Research Quarterly. American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 49(2), pp. 197–205.

Winter, D. A. (1976) ‘Calculation and interpretation of mechanical energy of movement’, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 6(1), pp. 183–256.

Winter, D. A. (1983) ‘Energy generation and absorption at the ankle and knee during fast, natural, and slow cadences’, Clinical orthopaedics and related research, 175, pp. 147–154.

Winter, D. A. (2009) Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement. 4th edn. John Wiley & Sons.

Witkin, A. and Kass, M. (1988) ‘Spacetime constraints’, Proceedings of the 15th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques - SIGGRAPH ’88, 22(4), pp. 159–168. doi: 10.1145/378456.378507

Zatsiorsky, V. M. (1998) Kinematics of Human Motion. Human Kinetics.

Zatsiorsky, V. M. (2002) Kinetics of Human Motion. Human Kinetics.

Zatsiorsky, V. M. and Prilutsky, B. I. (2012) Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscles. Human Kinetics.

Zernicke, R. F., Goulet, G. C., Cavanagh, P. R., Nigg, B. M., Ashton-Miller, J. A., Mckay, H. A. and Van Den Bogert, T. (2012) ‘Impact of Biomechanics Research on Society’, Kinesiology Review, 1, pp. 5–16. doi: 10.1123/krj.1.1.5

History and Purpose

The International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) was founded at Penn State University on August 30, 1973 to promote the study of all areas of biomechanics at the international level. The ISB promotes and supports international contacts amongst scientists, the dissemination of knowledge, and the activities of national organizations in the field of biomechanics. The ISB has a broad view of the science and application of biomechanics, believing that biomechanics has a major role in the study of all biological systems, from the level of the whole organism down to molecular size scales. Therefore, the Society's membership includes scientists from a large variety of disciplines including anatomy, physiology, engineering (biomedical, mechanical, mechatronics, etc.), orthopedics, rehabilitation medicine, sports science, sports medicine, ergonomics, electrophysiological kinesiology and others.

Since its founding the ISB has grown to a membership of well over 1,000 people. The Society provides for affiliate membership of national biomechanics organizations, which currently include the American Society of Biomechanics, British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Bulgarian Society of Biomechanics, Canadian Society of Biomechanics, Chinese Society of Sports Biomechanics, Comisia de Biomecanica Inginerie si Informatica (Romania), Czech Society of Biomechanics, Danish Society of Biomechanics, Japanese Society of Biomechanics, Korean Society of Sport Biomechanics, Polish Society of Biomechanics, Russian Society of Biomechanics, Societe de Biomecanique (France), The Society also supports technical and working groups for the purpose of advancing knowledge in specialized areas within the field of biomechanics. Currently active technical sections include Computer Simulation, Shoulder Biomechanics, Footwear Biomechanics, 3-D Motion AnalysisHand and Wrist Biomechanics and Motor Control Group.

The ISB is involved in many activties to promote biomehanics internationally. These activities include the organization of biennial ISB-international congresses, publication of congress proceedings and a biomechanics monograph series, distribution of a quarterly newsletter (ISBNow), and sponsorship of scientific meetings related to biomechanics. The ISB is affiliated with the Journal of Biomechanics, the Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Clinical Biomechanics, the Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, and Gait and Posture. The Society also has a major Internet presence with the ISB on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn, as well as sponsoring the Biomechanics Forum, Biomch-l.

The major activity of the Society is the organization and conduct of its biennial International Congress on Biomechanics. This provides a unique opportunity for participants to gain an understanding of the current status of the field and make valuable personal and professional contacts. To promote international development of the field, congresses are held in different countries. The recent congresses were held in USA, Taiwan, South Africa, Belgium and Brazil, with next being held in Glasgow, Scotland. The Proceedings and Books of Abstracts from these biennial congresses, as well as the separately published Keynote and Award-winning papers, are a valuable contribution to research literature and also serve to document the progress of the field of biomechanics. Recent ISB Congress proceedings back until 2001, with some Keynotes and Tutorials, are freely available online.

Sponsorship and Related Scientific Meetings

The ISB supports other scientific meetings concerned with biomechanics by serving as an official sponsor, or organising and sponsoring thematic sessions. In this capacity, the Society helps with dissemination of information and promotion of the meetings, encourages members to participate and assists with the planning and organization upon request. The ISB also sponsors and organizes various activities in Economically Developing Countries, including lecture tours and training.

Society Awards

The Society promotes excellence in biomechanics research by presenting a number of Awards at its Congresses. These include the Muybridge Award (the Society's highest honor for outstanding contributions to biomechanics), the Wartenweiler Memorial Lectureship (named after the Society's first President), David Winter Young Investigator Award and Clinical Biomechanics Award for the best papers presented competitively, and an award to the best student paper from an economically developing country. The Society also promotes scholarship through its Educational Programs at Congresses, its Promising Young Scientist Travel Grants scheme, whereby a member is funded to travel to another continent to further a research project, and a range of Student Grants-in-Aid of Research and for Congress attendance.

Benefits of Membership

  • Reduced Journal Subscription Rates.
  • Reduced Registration Fees at ISB Congresses and those of Affiliate Societies.
  • Opportunity to form international contacts and participate in technical and working groups of the Society.
  • Special Student Discounts and Grants-in-Aid.
  • Congressional Awards and Traveling Scholarships.
  • Unrestricted access to the ISB website.

Membership Application Procedure

Go to the Membership section of this website. Membership dues and subscription fees can be paid by either (i) a credit card debit authorization, or (ii) a cheque or money order in Australian dollars and drawn on an Australian Bank.

Executive Council

The ISB is governed by its Executive Council composed of the officers and council members who are elected by mail ballot for two year terms. They represent countries from throughout the world and various scientific areas within biomechanics. The council, which meets annually, provides leadership for the continued development of the Society. Many on-going activities are performed by Council appointed sub-committees such as publications, standards and terminology, award nominations, and others. The quarterly Newsletter serves to inform the members of current and future events and developments.

You many contact any member of the Executive Council for further information